Africa: The Cradle of Mankind

“We are not Africans because we are born in Africa, we are Africans because Africa is born in us” – Chester Higgins Jr

The history of Africa begins with the emergence of hominids, archaic humans at least 200,000 years ago in Eastern Africa and continues unbroken into the present as a patchwork of diverse and politically developing nation states.

The name “Africa” came into the Western use through the Romans. The word has its roots in two different languages. In Latin(Aprica) meaning sunny and in Greek(Aphrike) meaning a place without cold. One of the most popular suggestions for the origins of the term Africa is that it is derived from the Roman name for a tribe living in the northern reaches of Tunisia, believed to possibly be the Berber people. The Romans variously named these people Afri,Afer and Ifir. Some believe that Africa is a contraction of Africa terra the land of the Afri. There’s, however, no evidence in the primary sources that the term Africa terra was used to describe the region nor is there evidence that is from the name Afri that the Romans derived the term Africa.

Historians have also agreed that it was the Roman use of the term “Africa” for parts of Tunisia and Northern Algeria which ultimately, almost 2000 years later, gave the continent its name. There is, however, no consensus amongst scholars as to why the Romans decided to call these provinces “Africa”. Over the years a small fraction of theories has gained traction.

Size

Size of Africa
Africa is the world’s second largest continent after Asia with a land area of 11.7 Sq Miles including adjacent islands of Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Mayotte, Reunion, Canary Island, Madeira Selvagens, Sao Tome and Principe, Cape Verde and Zanzibar covering 6% of Earth’s total surface area and 20% of the land area. According to the 2016 census, the continent of Africa accounted for about 16% of the world’s human population. It is 12 times bigger than India, 4 times bigger than USA & China each and more than 2 times the size of Russia. Africa is the origin of man & the pioneer of civilization. Africa is the cradle of Mankind!

Borders

The huge continent of Africa is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the North, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red sea to the Northeast, the Indian Ocean to the Southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. It straddles the imaginary equator line and encompasses numerous climate areas and it is the only content to stretch from the northern temperate to the southern temperate zones.

States & Regions

The continent 54 sovereign states, nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition (Somalia and Sahwari Arab Republic). The majority of its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Algeria is Africa’s largest country by area. Nigeria its largest by population

Regions

  • North Africa lies north of the Sahara regions and runs along the Mediterranean coast
  • West Africa is the portion roughly west of 10° east longitudes, excluding Northern Africa the Maghreb. The West
  • Africa stretch contains large portions of the Sahara Desert and the Adamawa Mountains
  • East Africa stretches from the Red Sea and the Horn of Africa to Mozambique including Comoros, Madagascar and Zanzibar
  • Central Africa is the large mass of the center of Africa which either does not fall squarely into any other region or only partially does so.
  • Southern Africa consists of the portion of-10° latitude and the great rainforests of Congo

Population

Africa’s average population is the youngest amongst all the continents, the average age in 2012, the median age in 2018 was 19.4 years and Nigeria has the continent’s largest population.

Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of man and the great apes
as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors as well as later ones that have been dated to around 7 Million years ago including Australopithecus, Africanus, Homo erectus and the earliest Homo Sapiens(modern human), found in Ethiopia, date back to circa 200,000 years ago.

Ethnicities

Ethnicities Africa
Africa is a host to large diversity of ethnicities, culture and languages. The diverse ethnic groups, Bantu, Hamites, Nilotics etc are today enclosed within the African Family. African is therefore a way of saying all of these native ethnicity and their diasporas both forced and voluntary. Today being ontological African is a race, not a place(Malcom x). Being African is different from being Arab. Arab is not a race, neither being Jewish. Being Arab hugs dissimilar people who may be African, White, Kurdish, or Asiatic. A Jordanian Arab maybe a white person, while a Yemeni Arab maybe of Asiatic or even Africa Heritage. Arabs are linked by a combination of language, politics, both historical and cultural factors.

In the late 19th century, European countries colonized almost all of Africa, most present states in Africa originates from a process of decolonization in the 20th century.

Heritage Sites

Kilimanjaro Tanzania
Within the 37 out of 54 countries, The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO) has listed over 135 World Heritage sites within the continent. These include:

All the above enlisted heritage sites can be incorporated in your safari wish list. If you would like to talk to someone for further details, or you are ready to reserve your tour with Africa Nziza Odysseys, our safari specialists for East and Southern Africa will be pleased to assist.

Photo credits: Olduvai Gorge Paleo, Geographic Guides, Campi Ya Kanzi and
Botswana Tourism Board

The history of Africa begins with the emergence of hominids, archaic humans at least 200,000 years ago in Eastern Africa and continues unbroken into the present as a patchwork of diverse and politically developing nation states.

The name “Africa” came into the Western use through the Romans. The word has its roots in two different languages. In Latin(Aprica) meaning sunny and in Greek(Aphrike) meaning a place without cold. One of the most popular suggestions for the origins of the term Africa is that it is derived from the Roman name for a tribe living in the northern reaches of Tunisia, believed to possibly be the Berber people. The Romans variously named these people Afri,Afer and Ifir. Some believe that Africa is a contraction of Africa terra the land of the Afri. There’s, however, no evidence in the primary sources that the term Africa terra was used to describe the region nor is there evidence that is from the name Afri that the Romans derived the term Africa.

Historians have also agreed that it was the Roman use of the term “Africa” for parts of Tunisia and Northern Algeria which ultimately, almost 2000 years later, gave the continent its name. There is, however, no consensus amongst scholars as to why the Romans decided to call these provinces “Africa”. Over the years a small fraction of theories has gained traction.

Size

Size of Africa
Africa is the world’s second largest content after Asia with a land area of 11.7 Sq Miles including adjacent islands of Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Mayotte, Reunion, Canary Island, Madeira Selvagens, Sao Tome and Principe, Cape Verde and Zanzibar covering 6% of Earth’s total surface area and 20% of the land area. According to the 2016 census, the continent of Africa accounted for about 16% of the world’s human population. It is 12 times bigger than India, 4 times bigger than USA & China each and more than 2 times the size of Russia. Africa is the origin of man & the pioneer of civilization. Africa is the cradle of Mankind.

Borders

The huge continent of Africa is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the North, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red sea to the Northeast, the Indian Ocean to the Southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. It straddles the imaginary equator line and encompasses numerous climate areas and it is the only content to stretch from the northern temperate to the southern temperate zones.

States & Regions

The continent 54 sovereign states, nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition (Somalia and Sahwari Arab Republic). The majority of its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Algeria is Africa’s largest country by area. Nigeria its largest by population

Regions

  • North Africa lies north of the Sahara regions and runs along the Mediterranean coast
  • West Africa is the portion roughly west of 10° east longitudes, excluding Northern Africa the Maghreb. The West
  • Africa stretch contains large portions of the Sahara Desert and the Adamawa Mountains
  • East Africa stretches from the Red Sea and the Horn of Africa to Mozambique including Comoros, Madagascar and Zanzibar
  • Central Africa is the large mass of the center of Africa which either does not fall squarely into any other region or only partially does so.
  • Southern Africa consists of the portion of-10° latitude and the great rainforests of Congo

Population

Africa’s average population is the youngest amongst all the continents, the average age in 2012, the median age in 2018 was 19.4 years and Nigeria has the continent’s largest population.

Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of man and the great apes
as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors as well as later ones that have been dated to around 7 Million years ago including Australopithecus, Africanus, Homo erectus and the earliest Homo Sapiens(modern human), found in Ethiopia, date back to circa 200,000 years ago.

Ethnicities

Ethnicities Africa
Africa is a host to large diversity of ethnicities, culture and languages. The diverse ethnic groups, Bantu, Hamites, Nilotics etc are today enclosed within the African Family. African is therefore a way of saying all of these native ethnicity and their diasporas both forced and voluntary. Today being ontological African is a race, not a place(Malcom x). Being African is different from being Arab. Arab is not a race, neither being Jewish. Being Arab hugs dissimilar people who may be African, White, Kurdish, or Asiatic. A Jordanian Arab maybe a white person, while a Yemeni Arab maybe of Asiatic or even Africa Heritage. Arabs are linked by a combination of language, politics, both historical and cultural factors.

In the late 19th century, European countries colonized almost all of Africa, most present states in Africa originates from a process of decolonization in the 20th century.

Heritage Sites

Kilimanjaro Tanzania
Within the 37 out of 54 countries, The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO) has listed over 135 World Heritage sites within the continent. These include:

All the above enlisted heritage sites can be incorporated in your safari wish list. If you would like to talk to someone for further details, or you are ready to reserve your tour with Africa Nziza Odysseys, our safari specialists for East and Southern Africa will be pleased to assist.

Photo credits: Olduvai Gorge Paleo, Geographic Guides, Campi Ya Kanzi and
Botswana Tourism Board

The history of Africa begins with the emergence of hominids, archaic humans at least 200,000 years ago in Eastern Africa and continues unbroken into the present as a patchwork of diverse and politically developing nation states.

The name “Africa” came into the Western use through the Romans. The word has its roots in two different languages. In Latin(Aprica) meaning sunny and in Greek(Aphrike) meaning a place without cold. One of the most popular suggestions for the origins of the term Africa is that it is derived from the Roman name for a tribe living in the northern reaches of Tunisia, believed to possibly be the Berber people. The Romans variously named these people Afri,Afer and Ifir. Some believe that Africa is a contraction of Africa terra the land of the Afri. There’s, however, no evidence in the primary sources that the term Africa terra was used to describe the region nor is there evidence that is from the name Afri that the Romans derived the term Africa.

Historians have also agreed that it was the Roman use of the term “Africa” for parts of Tunisia and Northern Algeria which ultimately, almost 2000 years later, gave the continent its name. There is, however, no consensus amongst scholars as to why the Romans decided to call these provinces “Africa”. Over the years a small fraction of theories has gained traction.

Size

Size of Africa
Africa is the world’s second largest content after Asia with a land area of 11.7 Sq Miles including adjacent islands of Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Mayotte, Reunion, Canary Island, Madeira Selvagens, Sao Tome and Principe, Cape Verde and Zanzibar covering 6% of Earth’s total surface area and 20% of the land area. According to the 2016 census, the continent of Africa accounted for about 16% of the world’s human population. It is 12 times bigger than India, 4 times bigger than USA & China each and more than 2 times the size of Russia. Africa is the origin of man & the pioneer of civilization. Africa is the cradle of Mankind.

Borders

The huge continent of Africa is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the North, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red sea to the Northeast, the Indian Ocean to the Southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. It straddles the imaginary equator line and encompasses numerous climate areas and it is the only content to stretch from the northern temperate to the southern temperate zones.

States & Regions

The continent 54 sovereign states, nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition (Somalia and Sahwari Arab Republic). The majority of its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Algeria is Africa’s largest country by area. Nigeria its largest by population

Regions

  • North Africa lies north of the Sahara regions and runs along the Mediterranean coast
  • West Africa is the portion roughly west of 10° east longitudes, excluding Northern Africa the Maghreb. The West
  • Africa stretch contains large portions of the Sahara Desert and the Adamawa Mountains
  • East Africa stretches from the Red Sea and the Horn of Africa to Mozambique including Comoros, Madagascar and Zanzibar
  • Central Africa is the large mass of the center of Africa which either does not fall squarely into any other region or only partially does so.
  • Southern Africa consists of the portion of-10° latitude and the great rainforests of Congo

Population

Africa’s average population is the youngest amongst all the continents, the average age in 2012, the median age in 2018 was 19.4 years and Nigeria has the continent’s largest population.

Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of man and the great apes
as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors as well as later ones that have been dated to around 7 Million years ago including Australopithecus, Africanus, Homo erectus and the earliest Homo Sapiens(modern human), found in Ethiopia, date back to circa 200,000 years ago.

Ethnicities

Ethnicities Africa
Africa is a host to large diversity of ethnicities, culture and languages. The diverse ethnic groups, Bantu, Hamites, Nilotics etc are today enclosed within the African Family. African is therefore a way of saying all of these native ethnicity and their diasporas both forced and voluntary. Today being ontological African is a race, not a place(Malcom x). Being African is different from being Arab. Arab is not a race, neither being Jewish. Being Arab hugs dissimilar people who may be African, White, Kurdish, or Asiatic. A Jordanian Arab maybe a white person, while a Yemeni Arab maybe of Asiatic or even Africa Heritage. Arabs are linked by a combination of language, politics, both historical and cultural factors.

In the late 19th century, European countries colonized almost all of Africa, most present states in Africa originates from a process of decolonization in the 20th century.

Heritage Sites

Kilimanjaro Tanzania
Within the 37 out of 54 countries, The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO) has listed over 135 World Heritage sites within the continent. These include:

All the above enlisted heritage sites can be incorporated in your safari wish list. If you would like to talk to someone for further details, or you are ready to reserve your tour with Africa Nziza Odysseys, our safari specialists for East and Southern Africa will be pleased to assist.

Photo credits: Olduvai Gorge Paleo, Geographic Guides, Campi Ya Kanzi and
Botswana Tourism Board

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